UNITED KINGDOM, London. Japan is the second largest global pig meat importer, with domestic production unable to meet demand. With the Chinese market outlook uncertain, the performance of other key importers has become increasingly important.
During the first ten months of this year, Japan’s imports of pig meat (primarily fresh/frozen pork, but also some sausages and processed meat) were virtually unchanged compared to the same period last year, totalling 953,100 t. However, shipments in the third quarter alone were up by nearly 10% on 2020 levels, before slowing again in October (+2% year on year). The more recent growth has been particularly driven by an increase in volumes from the US, the main supplier. Most other suppliers also shipped increased quantities in the third quarter, the exception being Germany, which remains banned due to African Swine Fever.
Higher shipments in the third quarter were likely influenced by increased supply availability at this time, with China reducing its import requirements. Increased reopening of foodservice outlets at the time may have also played a role. Nonetheless, prices have been high, and this likely limited the attractiveness of further import growth.
Across the year so far, imports of chilled pork actually showed a small increase, while frozen volumes have been below 2020 levels. Frozen pork imports totalled 395,000 t, 3% lower than in 2020, whereas chilled pork imports totalled 356,000 t, 4% higher than last year. However, in the third quarter, more frozen product was also imported, particularly from Europe. This may well be product that would otherwise have been sent to China.
Looking at other pig meat products, processed ham imports have seen very little change compared to last year. Volumes in the first nine months of the year were only down by 1% and totalled 160,000 t. The US remained the main supplier. Sausage imports have seen more of a decline, falling by 14% to 22,000 t as volumes from Brazil were nearly 45% lower.
Looking forward, the path of recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic will be key to developments in Japanese import requirements, with foodservice an important outlet for imported frozen pork. Cases have been low since the autumn, which ought to be positive for import demand if this can be maintained. Global pork supply availability, and competition from other markets, will also be important. Currently, Chinese import demand continues to be reduced, and US farmgate pig prices have dropped back in the second half of the year, both of which may be supportive of import levels.