EFSA: EU modifies maximum cadmium levels
EFSA

EU modifies maximum cadmium levels

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EFSA sets new maximum levels for cadmium also for meat.
EFSA sets new maximum levels for cadmium also for meat.

ITALY, Parma. On 11 August 2021 the Commission regulation (EU) 2021/1323 was published in the Official Journal. This modifies regulation (EC) no. 1881/2006 as regards the maximum levels of cadmium in some food products.

The European Food Safety Authority concluded that cadmium is especially toxic to the kidneys and particularly to proximal tubular cells, where it accumulates over time and can cause kidney dysfunction. In view of the toxic effects of cadmium on the kidneys, the authority established a tolerable weekly dose of cadmium of 2.5 μg / kg body weight.

An evaluation of the most recent occurrence data collected after the implementation of mitigation measures shows that a reduction in the presence of cadmium in many food products is now achievable. It is therefore appropriate to reduce the existing maximum levels for cadmium or to establish maximum levels for such foodstuffs. Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006.

Since cadmium is an indirect genotoxic carcinogen, and its presence consequently poses a high risk to public health, cadmium-containing products that do not comply with the new maximum levels placed on the market before the entry into force of this Regulation should remain in place.

With regard to products of animal origin, the maximum levels for cadmium set are as follows: meat (excluding offal) from cattle and sheep, 0.050 mg / kg; liver of cattle and sheep, 0.50 mg / kg; kidney of cattle and sheep, 1.0 mg / kg.

On the other hand, with regard to infant formulas, follow-on formulas and foods for special medical purposes intended for infants and young children and infant formulas, the maximum levels of cadmium set are as follows:

  • marketed in powder and based on cow's milk proteins or cow's milk protein hydrolysates, 0.010 mg / kg;
  • marketed in the liquid state and based on cow's milk proteins or cow's milk protein hydrolysates, 0.005 mg / kg;
  • marketed in powder form and based on soy protein isolates, alone or mixed with cow's milk proteins, 0.020 mg / kg;
  • marketed in the liquid state and based on soy protein isolates, alone or mixed with cow's milk proteins, 0.010 mg / kg;
  • marketed in powder form and based on vegetable protein isolates other than soy protein isolates, alone or mixed with cow's milk proteins, 0.020 mg / kg;
  • marketed in liquid form and based on vegetable protein isolates other than soy protein isolates, alone or mixed with cow's milk proteins, 0.010 mg / kg.
Source: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)
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EFSA Parma
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