FINLAND, Turku. The Finnish company HKScan is the first in the world to calculate the water footprint of broiler production using the Aware method.
The Baltic Sea region with abundant water resources has good conditions for sustainable meat production. Aware is a new method to calculate the water footprint that takes into account the impact of a product on regional water scarcity. According to the new calculation method, the water footprint calculated on Kariniemen's pilot farm was 0.58 m3 Aware/carcass weight kg.
The good water resources of the Baltic Sea region provide a significant competitive advantage in food production compared to many other countries. The water footprint is an indicator that helps describe the water use impacts in food production. Aware assesses water scarcity impacts. Water use is measured in relation to the water availability in the production region, which makes it possible to compare the impacts of water use in different regions. In practice, the production of the same food product in water-stressed regions results in a higher water footprint. On the other hand, the use of the same amount of water in a water-abundant region leads to lower water footprints.
HKScan was the first in the world according to their own statements to introduce this method in the water footprint calculation of poultry production. According to a recent result, the water footprint of Kariniemen's pilot farm chickens was 0.58 m3 Aware/carcass weight kg. Most of the life cycle impacts of the water footprint are formed in the feed chain. The water footprint was calculated using the 2019 figures of broiler production.
Due to the novelty of this method, the results on the water footprints of different foods are still limited. An interesting result can be found in the study on the climate impact calculation and water footprint of greenhouse products: the Aware-based water footprint of Spanish tomatoes was found to be about 91 times higher than in Finland.