Spain: Pork industry still successful

Pork industry still successful


GERMANY, Berlin. Spain and Germany are the largest pigmeat producers in the European Union. Companies from both countries encounter each other on the European Market and in third country markets. As regards growth characteristics, production and economic frameworks, developments in the two countries diverge distinctly.

Latest figures reported by the German Raiffeisen Association (DRV) Livestock and Meat Business Committee showed, that the EU still is the world’s second largest pigmeat producer after China, with 23.5 mill. t in 2016. The EU Commission forecasts a slight decrease by 0.4% to 23.4 mill. t for the year 2017.

Predominance among the largest European pigmeat producers is shared. In 2016 Germany accounted for a share of 24% of EU pigmeat production (5.57 mill. t), followed by Spain with 17.5% (4.06 mill. t). However, the reverse is true for live animal stocks. Here for the first time in 2015 Spanish farmers kept 2.5% more pigs than their German colleagues. This opposite trend with growth in Southern Europe and a reduction in Germany continued 2016.

The statements by Spanish market experts, who expected an increase in the number of sows, were confimed by the December census. In December 2016 1.67 mill. sows were kept in Spain, which is an increase of 5.7% compared to the May census. The increase follows the completion of housing installations with capacities of 2000 to 4000 places.

The increase in the number of pigs slaughtered in Spain in the years 2014 and 2015 was more than 6% a year by comparison with the year before. This trend slowed a little for the first time in 2016, but despite this Spain reports an increase of 3.95% in the number of slaughtering operations in 2016, while Germany could only report a slight decrease of 0.2%. Germany recorded a slight increase in live imports in 2016. Spain, on the other hand, reduced the imports of piglets from 2015 to 2016 by 44.76%. Overall, a little more than 0.5 mill. piglets were procured mainly from the Netherlands.

Spain balances the increases in production primarily by increases in exports to third countries. In 2016 the export volume was increased again to 2.04 mill. t, which is an increase of 16.07% compared to 2015. This corresponds to an export share of over 50% of total production – explaining the high degree of self-sufficiency, which has been 161.5% in 2015 and which should have increased again in 2016.

Source: DRV


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