GERMANY, Wiesbaden. Despite the closure of some major slaughterhouses for weeks, production barely dropped last year.
Due to the Corona pandemic, individual slaughterhouses were temporarily closed, but meat production in Germany in 2020 was nevertheless similar to previous years: As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), meat production by commercial slaughter companies fell by 1.6% compared with 2019 to 7.8 mill. t, according to preliminary results. This was roughly comparable to the decline in 2019 (down 1.4% compared to 2018). The results suggest that capacity shortages caused by corona-related plant closures were absorbed by other plants, Destatis notes. In total, slaughter plants slaughtered 57.6 million pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, and horses, and 670.1 million chickens, turkeys, and ducks.
With 53.2 million animals slaughtered in 2020, the number of hogs slaughtered decreased 3.5% from the previous year. For example, the number of domestically sourced pigs slaughtered decreased 1.7% to 50.9 million head. The number of imported pigs slaughtered on German farms fell by 31.3% to 2.3 million animals. Overall, the amount of pork produced in Germany in 2020 was 5.1 mill. t, 2.4% less than in 2019.
The number of cattle slaughtered commercially in 2020 decreased 4.2% from 2019 to 3.2 million animals. The 1.1 mill. t of beef produced was down 2.8% from the previous year. The number of cows slaughtered fell particularly sharply, down 7.1% to 1.1 million head.
In contrast to pork and beef production, the amount of poultry meat produced in 2020 increased by 1.9% to 1.6 mill. t compared to 2019. For example, 2.9% more young broiler meat was produced, at 1.1 mill. t. Turkey meat (turkey meat) production also increased 1.3% to 0.5 mill. t. From 2010 to 2020, the amount of poultry meat produced increased by 17%, while the amount of pork and beef produced remained at about the same level, with slight fluctuations in individual years.