United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2013 was 65.9 mill. head. This was down 1% from December 1, 2012, and down 2% from September 1, 2013.
Breeding inventory, at 5.76 mill. head, was down 1% from last year, and down 1% from the previous quarter Market hog inventory, at 60.2 mill. head, was down 1% from last year, and down 2% from last quarter.
The September–November 2013 pig crop, at 29.3 mill. head, was down slightly from 2012. Sows farrowing during this period totalled 2.88 mill. head, down slightly from 2012. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50% of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high 10.16 for the September–November period, compared to 10.15 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 8.00 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.83 mill. sows farrow during the December 2013-February 2014 quarter, up 1% from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2013, and up slightly from 2012. Intended farrowings for March-May 2014, at 2.86 mill. sows, are up 1% from 2013, but down 3% from 2012.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 48% of the total United States hog inventory, up from 47% last year.