HKScan Usage of animal fat helps cutting emissions
The biggest improvement was achieved in reduction of indirect (Scope 2) emissions, like purchased electricity and district heating, largely thanks to the Group’s operations in Sweden and Poland switching to hydroelectricity, which resulted in a reduction of 42 thousand metric tonnes. A decrease in the emission factor for the Nordic and Estonian residual mix resulted in a reduction of 28 thousand metric tonnes. Electricity use was down 4% from the 2014 level.
The greatest relative year-on-year reduction in emissions resulted from preventing leakage of refrigerants, totalling 64%. Heating emissions were reduced by 7000 tonnes. Emissions from transports, travel and refrigeration were of the same order as in 2014.
“HKScan has made an active effort to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy sources at its production plants during 2015, which has contributed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For instance two of our farms in Estonia switched from fossil fuels to wood pellet burners, and one of our Estonian production plants has increased the use of animal and vegetable fats for heating. In Sweden, we started using biogas and district steam produced from renewable energy sources," says Vera Söderberg, HKScan's Corporate Responsibility Manager.
The Group has been measuring its emissions of greenhouse gases in line with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) since 2014. This is the global standard most widely used for quantifying, managing and reporting emissions of greenhouse gases.
Scope 1 relates to greenhouse gas emissions from sources owned or controlled by the company. These include emissions from oil burners and the company's own vehicles. The indirect sources in Scope 2 are the company's consumption of purchased electricity, steam and district heating.
Scopes 1 and 2 account for less than 10% of total greenhouse gas emissions from meat production, from farm to fork (i.e. emissions of HKScan's commercial activity). Scope 3 (i.e. the value chain of activities before and after HKScan's commercial activity) accounts for over 90 per cent. Animal primary production is the biggest source of emissions in Scope 3. In order to assess products from a life cycle perspective (and partly emissions of Scope 3), HKScan uses life cycle analysis (LCA) to measure various environmental aspects.