African swine fever Second core zone established in Brandenburg

by Daphne Huber
Thursday, October 01, 2020
Solid game protection fences are one of many measures in the fight against African swine fever.
Photo: Imago Images / Imagebroker
Solid game protection fences are one of many measures in the fight against African swine fever.

Three weeks after the first confirmed finding, the number of confirmed ASF cases in wild boars in Brandenburg adds up to 38. The district of Märkisch-Oderland has already started early today to fence in the provisional core area with mobile protective fences.

The case of African swine fever (ASF) officially confirmed yesterday in a wild boar in the district of Märkisch-Oderland is about 60 km away from the core area of the first discovery site on September 10th, which was previously established in the districts Oder-Spree and Spree-Neiße. A hunter shot and sampled the animal last Sunday in the district of Bleyen in the county of Märkisch-Oderland directly at the German-Polish border. The National Reference Laboratory at the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute confirmed the official suspicion on Wednesday.

Wildschwein
(Bild: Imago Images / Sven Simon)

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According to the Brandenburg Minister for Consumer Protection, Ursula Nonnemacher (Greens), the two epidemics in Brandenburg are separate. In Western Poland, however, there is a highly dynamic infection occurrence. "We need a solid fence along the entire Brandenburg-Polish border, continuously from the Uckermark to the Spree-Neisse, to prevent infected animals from changing. Solid game protection fences are one of many measures in the fight against African swine fever. But it is also clear that they are not a panacea. This animal disease can also be spread by humans over very long distances," said Nonnenmacher. Last week, Minister of Agriculture Axel Vogel (Greens) announced the construction of the fence at the border.

A preliminary endangered area with a radius of about 15 km will first be defined around the current site. The district of Märkisch-Oderland has prepared a general decree on epizootic diseases, which defines concrete measures for the restricted zones. It is to come into force shortly. In the endangered area the following measures in particular are ordered to determine the spread and prevent further spread:

  • Hunting ban for all animal species in order not to unnecessarily scare off possibly infected wild boars
  • Intensive fallow deer search by trained personnel and with the participation of local hunters
  • Recovery and destruction of all wild boar carcasses under hygienic conditions; for this purpose, collection points for fallen and accidental game are set up on site
  • Checking pig holdings for compliance with biosecurity measures
  • Temporary restrictions on the use of agricultural and forestry land (e.g. ban on harvesting corn fields)
  • Prohibition of events with pigs
  • Identification of hunters who are also pig farmers
  • Information and training of hunters
  • Establishment of a core zone in the endangered area and its delimitation

In addition, the National Reference Laboratory - the Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute (FLI) - has yesterday detected another case of ASF in the former core area in addition to the case in the district of Märkisch-Oderland. There are now a total of 38 confirmed cases of ASF in wild boars in the State of Brandenburg, 9 of which can be assigned to the first site near Schenkendöbern in the Spree-Neisse district, 28 to the second site near Neuzelle in the Oder-Spree district and 1 to the new site in Bleyen in the Märkisch-Oderland district.

Wildschwein - Frischling
(Bild: Jürgen Treiber / pixelio.de)

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