VIETNAM, Hanoi. Not only China, but also Vietnam is slowly recovering from the effects of African swine fever, which first broke out there in February 2019.
Since then, ASF has led to a loss of around 6 million pigs, according to the Ministry of Agriculture in Hanoi, with the sow herd declining relatively sharply, from nearly 4 million head to 2.7 million head. Now, according to recent livestock surveys, the world's sixth-largest pork producer has just over 3 million sows again. The total herd was reported at 26.17 million pigs at the end of December 2020, which is about 85% of pre-ASF levels. In addition to small private farms, state-of-the-art production facilities are also typical of the country. For example, according to the ministry, the country's 16 largest livestock farms alone have a combined 5.55 million pigs; this is more than one-fifth of Vietnam's total herd.
There, in particular, the number of pigs has increased sharply again. This has also been helped by the greatly expanded import of pigs. According to the General Customs Department, some 41,000 breeding sows and 300,000 other pigs were imported in 2020. In addition, 321,000 t of pork, poultry meat and mutton were purchased abroad, which, together with the resurgence of domestic production, slowed the previously strong price increase in the second half of 2020.
According to Deputy Minister of Agriculture Phung Duc Tien, Vietnam plans to produce and market a vaccine against ASF in the third quarter of 2021. According to Tien, previous vaccine trials have yielded positive results. The country has set a goal of having more than 90% of its communes free of ASF by 2022, with the goal for the entire country to be reached by 2025.