GERMANY, Wiesbaden. North Rhine-Westphalia remains a slaughterhouse stronghold. The number of cows is decreasing noticeably.
For the first time in a long time, the slaughtering of pigs has increased in Germany. According to provisional data from the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), a total of 14.01 million animals were hooked in the first quarter of 2020 for both commercial farms and domestic slaughtering; this was around 62,500 head or 0.4% more than in the first three months of 2019.
Fewer foreign animals
Last year, the slaughter volume had fallen by 1.73 million animals or 3% compared to 2018, and one year earlier by 1.51 million animals or 2.6%. From January to March 2020, pigmeat production increased by one percent to 1.34 mill. t compared to the same period of the previous year due to higher slaughter weights. According to statisticians from Wiesbaden, the supply of domestic and foreign slaughter pigs developed differently. The supply of animals from local stables to the slaughterhouses increased by 161,400 or 1.2% to 13.14 million units compared to the first quarter of 2019. On the other hand, the processing of foreign slaughter pigs continued to decline, namely by almost 99,000 animals or 11% to just under 800,000 units.
At 4.63 million head, most of the pigs were again cut in North Rhine-Westphalia; this was 0.9% more than in the same quarter of the previous year. This was closely followed by Lower Saxony with an increase of 1.3% to 4.58 million animals. There was a drastic decline in the number of pigs slaughtered in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, which fell from 105,830 to only 8,072 due to the closure of the Danish-Crown slaughterhouse in Teterow (district of Rostock). In Thuringia, the Vion plant in Altenburg was shut down; pig slaughtering in this federal state was therefore halved to 111,070 units.
Female categories in the red
According to the Wiesbaden statisticians, the slaughtering of large livestock decreased by 1.5% to 854,500 animals compared to the first quarter of 2019, but the resulting meat production only decreased by 0.3% to 284,500 t. In particular, fewer female animals for slaughter were hooked. The number of cows fell by 5% to 295,340 head; heifers were down 2.2% to 146,000 head. On the other hand, more bulls and steers were delivered to the slaughterhouse; their number increased by 1.8% to 329,570. The number of calves slaughtered, at 83570 animals, was roughly on a par with the previous year.
Source: fleischwirtschaft.de, AgE