USA Beef export volume to Japan largest in four years
Exports accounted for 13.2% of total U.S. beef production in July and 10.7% for muscle cuts only. These were the highest ratios of 2017, but down from 14.2% and 11%, respectively, last July. For January through July, beef exports accounted for 12.8% of total production and 10% for muscle cuts – roughly steady with last year. Export value per head of fed slaughter averaged $299.21 in July, up more than $35 (or 13%) from a year ago. Through July, per-head export value was up 9% to $273.52.
Pork exports totaled 173,675 mt in July, down 4% year-over-year, valued at $488.9 mill., down 0.6%. January-July volume was still up 11% from a year ago to 1.43 mill. mt, while export value was up 13% to $3.7 bn.
Exports accounted for 26% of total pork production in July (down from 27.5% a year ago) and 21% for muscle cuts only (down from 23%). For the first seven months of the year, with U.S. production at a record pace, the percentage of total production exported increased from 25.6% to 27.5%. For muscle cuts only, the increase was from 21.6% to 23%. Export value per head slaughtered in July was $54.22 – up slightly from June but 3% below last July. The January-July per-head average increased 10% from a year ago to $54.11.
Beef exports to leading market Japan totaled 27,689 mt in July, up 20% from a year ago and the largest since July 2013 – which was shortly after Japan increased the eligible U.S. cattle age to 30 months. July export value to Japan increased 36% to $175.7 mill., the highest monthly total since 1996. For January through July, exports to Japan were up 23% in volume (178,501 mt) and 29% in value ($1.08 bn). USMEF’s featuring of chilled beef in Japan continues to pay dividends as chilled exports were up 39% to 83,951 mt valued at $613 mill. (up 40%). Driven by strong growth in Japan’s foodservice industry, especially the gyudon beef bowl chains which heavily rely on U.S. short plate, U.S. frozen beef exports to Japan were up 12% to 64,928 mt (valued at $250 mill., up 18%). But Japan’s frozen beef safeguard was triggered in late July, increasing the duty on frozen beef imports from suppliers without a trade agreement with Japan, including the U.S., from 38.5% to 50%. The impact of the safeguard is not likely to surface until the September export data is available. But since August, U.S. frozen beef has been at an even larger tariff disadvantage compared to Australian beef, which is subject to a duty rate of 27.2% under the Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement.
Beef exports to South Korea dipped below the large volume of last July to 15,587 mt (down 5%), but were still the largest of 2017. July export value to Korea increased 8% from a year ago to $101.7 mill. Through July, exports to Korea increased 9% in volume (98,944 mt) and 19% in value ($629.4 mill.), including an impressive 83% increase in chilled beef exports (22,432 mt) valued at $199 mill. (up 88%). The U.S. is now the largest supplier of beef to both Japan and Korea on a value basis, with the U.S. share of Korea’s imports increasing from 43% to 48.5%.