Changes in US cattle, sheep and lamb inventory

by Editor fleischwirtschaft.com
Thursday, February 02, 2012
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Changes Groupe Bull


On January 1, all US cattle and calves totaled 90.8 mill. head, 2% below the 92.7 mill. total one year earlier, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Statistics Board, US Department of Agriculture.

This marks the lowest January 1 inventory of all US cattle and calves since the 88.1 mill. recorded in 1952.

Totaling 39.1 mill. head, all cows and heifers that have calved were down 2% from the 40.0 mill. tallied one year earlier. Totaling 29.9 mill., beef cows were down 3% from January 1, 2011.

On Jan. 1, other class estimates vs. the change from Jan. 1, 2011, were: all heifers 500 lbs. or more19.4 mill., down 1%; beef replacement heifers 5.2 mill., up 1%; other heifers 9.6 mill., down 2%; steers weighing 500 lbs. or more 16.1 mill., down 2%; bulls weighing 500 lbs. or more 2.1 mill., down 5%; calves less than 500 lbs. 14.1 mill., down 3%; and cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots 14.1 mill., up 1%.

The total of calves under 500 lbs. combined with other heifers and steers more than 500 lbs. outside of feedlots was 25.7 mill., down 4%.

Last year's calf crop was estimated at 35.3 mill. head, down 1% from 2010. This marks the smallest calf crop since 1950's 34.9 mill. head. During the first half of 2011, calves born are estimated at 25.7 mill., 1% down from 2010.

On Jan. 1, all US sheep and lamb inventory totaled 5.35 mill. head, down 2% from January 1 of last year. Breeding sheep inventory slipped to 3.98 mill., down 3% from 4.08 mill. head from one year earlier. Totaling 3.16 mill. head, ewes one year old and older were 2% below last year.

Market sheep and lambs totaled 1.37 mill. head, down 2% from January 1 last year. Market lambs made up 94% of the total market inventory. Twenty-two percent were lambs under 65 lbs., 12% were 65-84 lbs., 22% were 85-105 lbs., and 38% were more than 105 lbs. Market sheep made up the remaining 6% of the total market inventory.

Totaling 3.51 mill. head, the 2011 lamb crop was down 2% from 2010. The 2011 lambing rate was 109 lambs per 100 ewes one year old and older on January 1, 2011 - which represents an increase of 2% vs. 2010.

During 2011, sheep death loss totaled 240,000 head up 4% from 2010. Lamb death loss increased 3% from 370,000 head in 2010 to 380,000 head in 2011.

On January 1, US goat inventory totaled 2.86 mill. head, falling 4% from January 1, 2011. Breeding goat inventory totaled 2.38 mill. head, down 4% versus the year earlier. Totaling 1.78 mill. head, goat one year old and older slipped 3% below last year's total. Market goats and kids totaled 487,000 head, down 5% from one year earlier.

For 2011, the kid crop totaled 1.88 mill. head for all goats, down 2% vs. 2010.

On January 1, meat and all other goats totaled 2.36 mill. head, down 4% from 2011.

Goats and kids clipped totaled 149,000 head.
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